The Mohs scale is a scale from 1 to 10, characterizing scratch resistance of various minerals through the ability of harder material to scratch softer material.
|CUBIC ZIRCONIA||CUBIC ZIRCONIA||8 - 8.5|
|EMERALD||BERYL||7.5 - 8|
|MORGANITE||BERYL||7.5 - 8|
|AQUAMARINE||BERYL||7.5 - 8|
|SPINEL||SPINEL||7.5 - 8|
|TOURMALINE||TOURMALINE||7 - 7.5|
|GARNET||GARNET||6.5 - 7.5|
|TANZANITE||ZOISITE||6.5 - 7|
|LABRADORITE||FELDSPAR||6 - 6.5|
|MOONSTONE||FELDSPAR||6 - 6.5|
|TURQUOISE||TURQUOISE||5 - 6|
|MALACHITE||MALACHITE||3.5 - 4|
In 1812, Friedrich Mohs – famous geologist and mineralogist created the Mohs scale to characterize each gemstones level of hardness, from the softest (1) to hardest (10).
This scale is perfect for figuring out the gemstones general level of hardness but does not always factor in other elements of a gemstones structure when you are considering stones for day to day wear. Emeralds for example, have many inclusions in the stone, which can weaken the overall structure, making them more likely to scratch or chip, In this case some styles of this stone are not recommended for everyday wear.
Care should always be taken when wearing any gemstone jewelry so that these timeless beauties can be passed on for a lifetime.
Synthetic diamonds are created synthetically in a lab. A lot of people incorrectly assume that synthetic diamonds are not real diamonds. However, this is not true. Although synthetics are not formed naturally, they have the same chemical composition and physical properties as natural diamonds.
So, synthetic diamonds are not fake, and their artificial origin has nothing to do with the fact that they are real diamonds in terms of structure.
Fake diamonds are also known as diamond simulants, simulated diamonds, faux diamonds, and diamond imitations. Let’s take a look at the most common diamond substitutes used in jewelry:
Unlike fake, or faux diamonds, synthetic ones have the same chemical composition as real diamonds. The only difference between synthetic and natural diamonds is their origin – synthetic diamonds are created in a laboratory by using high temperature and high pressure.
Zircon is a mineral that occurs in nature and can come in a variety of colors. Some people confuse it with cubic zirconia, but these two substances are different. Colorless pieces of zircon are sometimes cut, polished, and used as diamond imitations. This mineral has a hardness rating of 7.5 on the Mohs scale.
White sapphires are often used as diamond substitutes. Sapphire is not as hard as diamond bit is still harder than most other gemstones (it is a 9 on the Mohs scale). The combination of durability and colorlessness in white sapphire makes it popular as a diamond imitation.